Tajiks are one of the most ancient nations of the world. Life in area situated at the main crossroads of eastern civilizations has given them continuous access to the achievements of other cultures. First settlement on the territory of today’s Tajikistan dates back to the end of upper Paleolithic period (15-20 thousand years ago). Archaeological finds, the works of Herodotus and other written evidence provide us with the information on trading relations, customs, and rituals of the Tajik nation. For many centuries, the country was mainly involved in trade with neighbors, suffered from foreign invasions by the troops of Alexander the Great, steppe nomads, Arabs and Tatar-Mongols.
The first Tajik state emerged in 892, providing independence from the Arab Caliphate. The development, which began in the Samanid epoch, was characterized by the restoration and fortification of war-ravaged cities and greater attention to culture, art and architecture. Samanid state brought the most famous scientists and philosophers to the world, such as Abu Ali ibn Sina (known in the west as Avicenna). Tajiks also honor Firdavsi, a poet and composer of the Shah-nameh (Book of Kings), the Persian national epic, and Omar Khayyam.
In October 1924, Tajikistan became an Autonomous Republic of the Soviet Union, and in 1929 it became Tajik Soviet Socialistic Republic. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Tajikistan chose to create a sovereign, democratic, secular, constitutional state, and declared its independence on September 9, 1991.
Now, Tajikistan is one of the developing and peaceful countries in Central Asia. Every year, thousands of tourists are visiting Tajikistan, and it is a real paradise for travelers.